Aug 31, 2011

Google Doodle for the Russian Knowledge Day

The First Day of School in Russia is celebrated by Google with a special Doodle.

Knowledge Day (Russian: День Знаний), often simply called 1st of September, is the day when the school year traditionally starts in Russia and many other former Soviet republics. 

This day also marks the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. It has special significance for the incoming class of first graders who come to school for the first time and often participate in a celebratory assembly on this date. The day also involves the First Bell (Первый Звонок) where a first grade girl is lifted on the shoulders of a 12th grade male pupil, and paraded around, ringing the first bell of the school year. Students in other grades may begin studies on September 1 or a few days later, usually without any special festivities.

Knowledge day

September 1 has an iconic cultural status in the Russian-speaking world and is immediately recognized there primarily in connection with beginning of the school year. For instance, a well-known rhymed slogan is 1st of September is the red day in the calendar ("red" meaning special, первое сентября - красный день календаря).

There is also "Last School-Bell Day" (End of the year).

via Wikipedia, YouTube, Google

Google Doodle History: Mary Shelley's 213th Birthday (2010)

Aug 30, 2010 - Mary Shelley's 213th Birthday - (UK) 

Mary Shelley (née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was a British novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.

Portuguese Electric Tram Google Doodle

Portuguese Google celebrates the 110th anniversary of the first electric line in Lisbon.

On the morning of 31 August 1901, the first power-driven line, stretching from Cais do Sodré to Ribamar (Algés) was switched on. Citing a newspaper of the time "the inauguration of the power-driven tram line met with universal praise from the crowds of people who had gathered to see the great improvement, the luxury and elegance of the carriages, the comfort provided for the passengers and the speed at which they travelled. 

By 1905 the whole network was electrified and the "Americans" (vehicles pulled by animals) had disappeared from Lisbon streets.

The "Americans"

Aug 30, 2011

Google Doodle for the Malaysian Independence Day

Malaysian Independence Day or Hari Merdeka is on August 31. If you visit, you will find this Doodle:

The effort for independence was spearheaded by Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, who led a delegation of ministers and political leaders of Malaya in negotiations with the British in London for Merdeka, or independence along with the first president of the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) Tun Dato Sir Tan Cheng Lock and fifth President of Malaysian Indian Congress Tun V.T. Sambanthan. Once it became increasingly clear that the Communist threat posed during the Malayan Emergency was petering out, agreement was reached on February 8, 1956, for Malaya to gain independence from the British Empire. However, for a number of logistical and administrative reasons, it was decided that the official proclamation of independence would only be made the next year, on August 31, 1957, at Stadium Merdeka (Independence Stadium), in Kuala Lumpur.

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres (127,350 sq mi). The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. In 2010 the population exceeded 27.5 million.

Malaysia has its origins in the Malay Kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire. The first British territories were known as the Straits Settlements, with the other states forming protectorates.

The states on Peninsular Malaysia, then known as Malaya, was first unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957.

Malaya united with Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963, with 'si' being added to give the new country the name Malaysia. However, less than two years later in 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation. (Wikipedia)

Aug 31, 2009 Malaysian Independence Day

Aug 29, 2011

Google Doodle History: Michael Jackson's Birthday (2009)

Aug 29, 2009 - Michael Jackson's Birthday 


Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American recording artist, dancer, singer-songwriter, musician, and philanthropist. Referred to as the King of Pop, Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records.

His contribution to music, dance, and fashion, along with a much-publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. The seventh child of the Jackson family, he debuted on the professional music scene along with his brothers as a member of The Jackson 5, then the Jacksons in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971.

In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. (Wikipedia)

A YouTube video with nearly 100 000 000 views:

Aug 28, 2011

Goethe Google Doodle

The great German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is honored with Google Doodle today on

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749  – 22 March 1832) was a German writer, pictorial artist, biologist, theoretical physicist, and polymath. He is considered the supreme genius of modern German literature. His works span the fields of poetry, drama, prose, philosophy, and science. His Faust has been called the greatest long poem of modern European literature. His other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.

His family

Goethe's father, Johann Caspar Goethe (Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, 29 July 1710 – Frankfurt, 25 May 1782), lived with his family in a large house in Frankfurt, then an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire.

38-year-old Johann Caspar married Goethe's mother, Catharina Elisabeth Goethe when she was 17

Catharina Elisabeth was the daughter of the Schultheiß (mayor) of Frankfurt Johann Wolfgang Textor (Frankfurt, 11 December 1693 – Frankfurt, 6 February 1771) and wife Anna Margaretha Lindheimer (Wetzlar, 23 July 1711 – Frankfurt, 18 April 1783, a descendant of Lucas Cranach the Elder and Henry III, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg). 

All their children, except for Goethe and his sister, Cornelia Friederike Christiana, who was born in 1750, died at early ages.

His early years

The father and private tutors gave Goethe lessons in all the common subjects of their time, especially languages (Latin, Greek, French, Italian, English and Hebrew). Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing. Johann Caspar, feeling frustrated in his own ambitions, was determined that his children should have all those advantages that he had no.

His great passion was drawing. Goethe quickly became interested in literature; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Homer were among his early favourites. He had a lively devotion to theatre as well and was greatly fascinated by puppet shows that were annually arranged in his home; a familiar theme in Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeshi.

He also took great pleasure in reading from the great works about history and religion.

Educatian and early career

Goethe studied law in Leipzig from 1765 to 1768. He detested learning age-old judicial rules by heart, preferring instead to attend the poetry lessons of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. In Leipzig, Goethe fell in love with Käthchen Schönkopf and wrote cheerful verses about her in the Rococo genre. In 1770, he anonymously released Annette, his first collection of poems.

In 1770 Goethe left Frankfurt in order to finish his studies in Strasbourg. He met Johann Gottfried Herder. The two became close friends, and crucially to Goethe's intellectual development, it was Herder who kindled his interest in Shakespeare, Ossian and in the notion of Volkspoesie (folk poetry).

At the end of August 1771, Goethe was certified as a licensee in Frankfurt. He wanted to make the jurisdiction progressively more humane. In his first cases, he proceeded too vigorously, was reprimanded and lost the position. This prematurely terminated his career as a lawyer after only a few months.

Goethe also pursued literary plans again and this time his father did not have anything against it, and even helped. Goethe obtained a copy of the biography of a noble highwayman from the German Peasants' War. In a couple of weeks the biography was reworked into a colourful drama. Entitled Götz von Berlichingen.

In 1774 he wrote the book which would bring him worldwide fame, The Sorrows of Young Werther. The outer shape of the work's plot is widely taken over from what Goethe experienced during his Wetzlar time with Charlotte Buff (1753–1828) and her fiancé, Johann Christian Kestner (1741–1800), as well as from the suicide of the author's friend Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem (1747–1772); in it, Goethe made a desperate passion of what was in reality a hearty and relaxed friendship. Despite the immense success of Werther, it did not bring Goethe much financial gain because copyright law at the time were essentially nonexistent.

Early years in Weimar

In 1775, Goethe was invited, on the strength of his fame as the author of The Sorrows of Young Werther, to the court of Carl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, who would become Grand Duke in 1815. Goethe thus went to live in Weimar, where he remained for the rest of his life and where, over the course of many years, he held a succession of offices, becoming the Duke's chief adviser. 

In 1776, Goethe formed a close relationship to Charlotte von Stein, an older, married woman. The intimate bond with Frau von Stein lasted for ten years, after which Goethe abruptly left for Italy without giving his companion any notice. She was emotionally distraught at the time, but they were eventually reconciled.

Goethe was ennobled in 1782 (this being indicated by the "von" in his name).

Italian journey

Goethe's journey to the Italian peninsula from 1786 to 1788 was of great significance in his aesthetical and philosophical development. His father had made a similar journey during his own youth, and his example was a major motivating factor for Goethe to make the trip. More importantly, however, the work of Johann Joachim Winckelmann had provoked a general renewed interest in the classical art of ancient Greece and Rome.


In late 1792, Goethe took part in the battle of Valmy against revolutionary France, assisting Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar during the failed invasion of France. Again during the Siege of Mainz he assisted Carl August as a military observer. His written account of these events can be found within his Complete Works.

In 1794 Friedrich Schiller wrote to Goethe offering friendship. They had previously had only a mutually wary relationship ever since first becoming acquainted in 1788. This collaborative friendship lasted until Schiller's death in 1805.

In 1806, Goethe was living in Weimar with his mistress Christiane Vulpius, the sister of Christian A Vulpius, and their son Julius August Walter von Goethe. On 13 October, Napoleon's army invaded the town. The French "spoon guards," the least-disciplined soldiers, occupied Goethe's house.

The next day, Goethe legitimized their eighteen year relationship by marrying Christiane in a quiet marriage service at the court chapel. They already had several children together by this time, including their son, Julius August Walter von Goethe (25 December 1789 — 28 October 1830), whose wife, Ottilie von Pogwisch (31 October 1796 – 26 October 1872), cared for the elder Goethe until his death in 1832. The younger couple had three children: Walther, Freiherr von Goethe (9 April 1818 — 15 April 1885), Wolfgang, Freiherr von Goethe (18 September 1820 – 20 January 1883) and Alma von Goethe (29 October 1827 — 29 September 1844). Christiane von Goethe died in 1816.

After 1793, Goethe devoted his endeavours primarily to literature. By 1820, Goethe was on amiable terms with Kaspar Maria von Sternberg. In 1823, having recovered from a near fatal heart illness, Goethe fell in love with Ulrike von Levetzow whom he wanted to marry, but because of the opposition of her mother he never proposed. Their last meeting in Carlsbad on 5 September 1823 inspired him to the famous Marienbad Elegy which he considered one of his finest works.

In 1832, Goethe died in Weimar. He is buried in the Ducal Vault at Weimar's Historical Cemetery.

Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. This movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentalism (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang and Romanticism. The author of the scientific text Theory of Colours, his influential ideas on plant and animal morphology and homology were extended and developed by 19th century naturalists including Charles Darwin. He also served at length as the Privy Councilor of the duchy of Saxe-Weimar.

In politics Goethe was conservative. At the time of the French Revolution, he thought the enthusiasm of the students and professors to be a perversion of their energy and remained skeptical of the ability of the masses to govern.

Likewise, he "did not oppose the War of Liberation waged by the German states against Napoleon, but remained aloof from the patriotic efforts to unite the various parts of Germany into one nation; he advocated instead the maintenance of small principalities ruled by benevolent despots."

Goethe's influence spread across Europe, and for the next century his works were a major source of inspiration in music, drama, poetry and philosophy. (Wikipedia)

Aug 27, 2011

Faina Ranevskaya Google Doodle

Russian Google Doodle honors 115th birthday of Soviet actor Faina Ranevskaya (Фаи́на Георгиевна Раневская, Фаи́на Гиршевна Фельдман).

Faina Ranevskaya (August 27, 1896 - July 19, 1984) is one of the most popular Soviet actors.

She was born as Faina Feldman (Фельдман) to a wealthy Jewish family in the city of Taganrog. Her father, Girsch Haimovich Feldman, owned a dry-ink factory, several buildings, a shop and the steamboat "Saint Nicolas". He was the head of Taganrog synagogue and a founder of a Jewish asylum for the aged. Faina's mother, Milka Rafailovna (née Zagovaylova), was a great admirer of literature and art. That and her passion for Chekhov inluenced Faina's love of art, poetry, music, and theater. There were three other children in the family - two brothers and an older sister named Bella.

Faina Feldman attended the elementary school classes at the Mariinskaya Gymnasium for Girls, and then received regular home education. She was given music, singing, foreign languages lessons. Faina loved reading.

Her passion for theater began when she was 14. Her attendance of Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard at the Moscow Art Theater was an experience that had great impact on her. Her pseudonym "Ranevskaya," which later became her official surname, also came from that theater visit.

In 1915 she left Taganrog for Moscow to pursue a career in the theater. Faina became estranged from her family over her choice of career, which they apparently rejected. She started as an extra actor in crowd or background scenes at the Summer Theater in Malakhovka near Moscow in 1915, where she also had a dacha.

The Feldman family emigrated to Turkey with their own ship in 1917 , but Faina decided to stay and continued her acting career, working in the theaters of Kerch, Rostov on Don, at the mobile theater "The First Soviet Theater" in Crimea, also in Baku, Arkhangelsk, Smolensk and other cities.

In 1931 Ranevskaya acted at the Camera Theater.

The film Pyshka (known as Boule de Suif in the U.S.), directed by Mikhail Romm marked her debut as a film actress in 1934. It was a silent black and white film based on the novel Boule de Suif by Guy de Maupassant where she starred as Madame Loiseau. Although the film was silent, Ranevskaya learned several sayings of Madame Loiseau in French from the original novel by Maupassant. Romain Rolland, French writer who visited Soviet Union in the thirties loved the film, and his favorite actor in the movie was Faina Ranevskaya.

At his request, the Pyshka (Boule de Suif) was shown in French cinemas, where it became a box-office success. Ranevskaya played on stage of the Central Theater of Red Army (1935-1939), Drama Theater, now Mayakovsky Theater (1943-1949), Pushkin Theater (1955-1963), and finally Mossovet Theater (1949-1955, 1963-1983), where she worked with Yury Zavadsky.

The actress was awarded the Stalin Prizes for outstanding creative achievements on stage in 1949, and in 1951 for her work in the film U nih est' Rodina (They Have Their Motherland), directed by Vladimir Legoshin and Alexandre Feinzimmer. In 1961 Faina Ravevskaya was awarded the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.

The actress died in 1984 in Moscow and was buried at the Donskoe Cemetery. A memorial plate dedicated to Ranevskaya was placed on her birthhouse in the city of Taganrog on August 29, 1986.

May 16, 2008: Ranevskaya Monument was inaugurated in Taganrog in front of actress's birth house on Ulitsa Frunze 10 within the framework of the International Ranevskaya Theater Festival "The Great Province".

Faina Ranevskaya acted in plays by Anton Chekhov, Aleksandr Ostrovsky, Maxim Gorky, Ivan Krylov, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Leo Tolstoy, and others. Unfortunately, we can judge about her theater performances only by photos as only three final performances of Make Way for Tomorrow by Vina Delmar, Truth is Good, but Happiness is Better by Aleksandr Ostrovsky, The Curious Savage by John Patrick were filmed. Faina Ranevskaya is more known to a wide audience as a cinema actress by her performance in such films as Pyshka (Boule de Suif), The Man in a Shell, Mechta (Dream), Vesna (Spring), Zolushka (Cinderella), Elephant and String and many more. (Wikipedia)

Google, Wikipedia, YouTube

Aug 26, 2011

Google Doodle History: Tomato Festival (2008)

Aug 27, 2008 - Tomato Festival - (Spain) 

La Tomatina is a festival that is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, in which participants throw tomatoes at each other. It is held the last Wednesday in August, during the week of festivities of Buñol. (Wikipedia)

Google Doodle History: Anniversary of Galileo's First Telescope (2009)

Aug 25, 2009 - 400th Anniversary of Galileo's First Telescope


Aug 25, 2011

Google Doodle for the Uruguay's Independence day

If you love Google Doodle you can visit and find a new logo for the Independence Day of Uruguay. Uruguayan Google celebrates the Declaration of independence (Día de la Independencia) from Brazil in 1825.

Aug 25, 2008 - Uruguay Independence Day

Juan Antonio Lavalleja (June 24, 1784 - October 22, 1853), an Uruguayan revolutionary and political figure,  led the group called "Thirty-Three Orientals" during Uruguay's Declaration of Independence from Brazil in 1825. 

His leadership of this group has taken on somewhat mythic proportions in popular Uruguayan historiography.

Uruguay or officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay is a country in the southeastern part of South America. 

The word Uruguay, coming from the Guaraní language, means "river of painted birds".

It is home to some 3.5 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88% of the population are of European descent.

Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America, with a high GDP per capita and the 52nd highest Human Development Index in the world as of 2010, and the first by human development in Latin America, when inequality is factored in. Uruguay is also noted for its low levels of corruption, being ranked by Transparency International as the second least corrupt country in Latin America (behind Chile). Its political and labour conditions are good. It was the highest rated country in Latin America on Legatum's 2010 Prosperity Index. Reader's Digest ranked Uruguay as the ninth "Most livable and greenest" country in the world, and first in all the Americas. Uruguay is ranked highest in Latin America on the Global Peace Index. (Wikipedia)

In 2009, Uruguay became the first nation in the world to provide every school child with a free laptop and internet.

Top 5 fact for Uruguay:

1. Motto: Libertad o muerte  ("Liberty or Death")

2. Capital: Montevideo

3. Official language: Spanish

4. Flag:

5. The "National Anthem of Uruguay" is the longest national anthem in terms of duration with 105 bars of music (about six minutes).

(Google, Wikipedia)

Aug 24, 2011

Google Doodle for the Ukraine's Independence Day

Ukrainian Google has a special Doodle for the Independence Day of the country. 

Independence Day of Ukraine (ukr. День незалежності України) is the main state holiday in the modern Ukraine, celebrated on August 24 in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence, 1991.

For the first time, the holiday was celebrated on July 16, 1991, as the first anniversary of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine accepted by Verkhovna Rada in 1990. Since the Declaration of Independence was issued later, and confirmed on the referendum of December 1, the date of the holiday was changed.

Aug 24, 2010 - Ukraine's Independence Day - (Ukraine) 

Beginning with 2004, August 23 is celebrated as the Day of the National Flag, thus preparing the platform for the Independence Day celebrations.

Aug 23, 2011

Jorge Luis Borges Google Doodle

Jorge Luis Borger’s 112th Birthday is celebrated on Google via the Google Doodle.

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (August 24, 1899 – June 14, 1986), known as Jorge Luis Borges, was an Argentine writer, essayist, poet and translator born in Buenos Aires. 

In 1914 his family moved to Switzerland where he attended school and traveled to Spain. 

On his return to Argentina in 1921, Borges began publishing his poems and essays in surrealist literary journals. He also worked as a librarian and public lecturer. 

In 1955 he was appointed director of the National Public Library (Biblioteca Nacional) and professor of Literature at the University of Buenos Aires. 

In 1961 he came to international attention when he received the first International Publishers' Prize, the Prix Formentor

In 1971 he won the Jerusalem Prize. His work was translated and published widely in the United States and in Europe. Borges himself was fluent in several languages. He died in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1986. (Wikipedia)

Alois Jirásek Google Doodle

Google celebrates Alois Jirásek's 160th Birthday.

Alois Jirásek (August 23, 1851, Hronov – March 12, 1930, Prague) was a Czech writer, author of historical novels and plays. Jirásek was a secondary-school teacher until his retirement in 1909. He wrote a series of historical novels imbued with faith in his nation and in progress toward freedom and justice.

He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1918, 1919, 1921 and 1930.

Nazik Al-Malaika Google Doodle

Google celebrates 88th birthday of Iraqi Poet - Nazek al-Malaika.

Nazik Al-Malaika (August 23, 1922 – 20 June 2007) was an Iraqi female poet and is considered by many to be one of most influential contemporary Iraqi female poets. Al-Malaika is famous as the first Arabic poet to use free verse.

Al-Malaika was born in Baghdad to a cultured family. Her mother was also a poet, and her father was a teacher. She wrote her first poem at the age of 10.

Al-Malaika graduated in 1944 from the College of Arts in Baghdad and later completed a Master's degree in comparative literature at the University of Wisconsin–Madison with a Degree of Excellence. 

She entered the Institute of Fine Arts and graduated from the Department of Music in 1949. In 1959 she earned a Master of Arts in Comparative Literature from the University of Wisconsin in the U.S., and she was appointed professor at Baghdad University, the University of Basra, and Kuwait University. (Wikipedia)

Aug 21, 2011

Google Doodle History: August Bournonville Google Doodle - August 21, 2010

Aug 21, 2010 - August Bournonville's 205th Birthday - (Denmark) 

August Bournonville (21 August 1805 – 30 November 1879) was a Danish ballet master and choreographer. August was the son of Antoine Bournonville, a dancer and choreographer trained under the French choreographer, Jean Georges Noverre, and the nephew of Julie Alix de la Fay, née Bournonville, of the Royal Swedish Ballet.

August was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, where his father had settled. He studied under the Italian choreographer Vincenzo Galeotti at the Royal Danish Ballet, Copenhagen, and in Paris, France, under French dancer Auguste Vestris. He initiated a unique style in ballet known as the Bournonville School.

Following studies in Paris as a young man, August became solo dancer at the Royal Ballet in Copenhagen. From 1830 to 1877 he was choreographer for the Royal Danish Ballet, for which he created more than 50 ballets admired for their exuberance, lightness, and beauty. He created a style which, although influenced from the Paris ballet, is entirely his own. As a choreographer, he created a number of ballets with varied settings that range from Denmark to Italy, Russia to South America. A limited number of these works have survived.
Bournonville's work became known outside Denmark only after WWII. Since 1950, The Royal Ballet has several times made prolonged tours abroad, not the least to the United States, where they have performed his ballets.

Bournonville's best-known ballets are La Sylphide (1836), Napoli (1842), Le Conservatoire (1849), The Kermesse in Bruges (1851) and A Folk Tale (1854).

Bournonville stopped teaching adult classes in the spring of 1877. On returning from church on November 30, 1879, he was stricken and taken to a hospital. August Bournonville was interred near Asminderød Church near Fredensborg. (Wikipedia)

Aug 19, 2011

George Enescu Google Doodle

Today Google Romania celebrates 130 years from the birth of George Enescu. Was a composer, violinist, teacher, pianist and conductor. It is considered the most important musician Romanian.

George Enescu was born on 19 August 1881 (Liveni, Botosani) and died on 4 May 1955 in Paris.

He began to play violin from age 4 to age 5 is in its first concert and begin studies composition under the direction of Eduard Caudella. The first musical guidance he received from his parents and a famous musician, Niculae Bosseyed.

Between 1888-1894 he studed in the Vienna Conservatory. He gradueted with the silver medal and he continued his studies at Paris Conservatory (1895-1899).

On February 6 1898 debuts as a composer in Concerts Colonne Paris with symphonic suite "Romanian Poem."

At that time, the same year, started to teach violin to Bucharest and give violin recitals. Admired Queen Elisabeth of Romania (Famous lover of art Carmen Sylva) Was often invited to perform pieces for violin Peles Castle of Sinaia.

From the early years of twentieth century popular dating his compositions, such as the two Romanian Rhapsodies (1901-1902), Suite no. 1 for orchestra (1903), his first symphony (1905), Seven songs on Lyrics Clément Marot (1908).

His musical activity alternates between Bucharest and Paris, take tours in several European countries, with prestigious partners as Alfredo Casella, Louis Fournier.

George Enescu's compositional style is difficult to define, ranging from style romantic his monumental Richard Wagner (The Symphony no. 1), French music influences, neo-trends Baroque, very personal expression of modern chamber music and the influence of Romanian folklore. (Wikipedia)

Aug 18, 2011

Google Doodle History: Google Doodle 2010 for Belka and Strelka Space Flight

Google Doodle Aug 19, 2010 Anniversary of Belka and Strelka Space Flight

Belka (Белка, literally, "squirrel") and Strelka (Стрелка, "Arrow") spent a day in space aboard Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Sputnik 5) on August 19, 1960 before safely returning to Earth.

They were accompanied by a grey rabbit, 42 mice, 2 rats, flies and a number of plants and fungi. All passengers survived. They were the first Earth-born creatures to go into orbit and return alive.

Strelka went on to have six puppies with a male dog named Pushok who participated in many ground-based space experiments, but never made it into space. One of the pups was named Pushinka (Пушинка, "Fluffy") and was presented to President John F. Kennedy's daughter Caroline by Nikita Khrushchev in 1961. A Cold War romance bloomed between Pushinka and a Kennedy dog named Charlie resulting in the birth of 4 pups that JFK referred to jokingly as pupniks. Two of their pups, Butterfly and Streaker were given away to children in the Midwest. The other two puppies, White Tips and Blackie, stayed at the Kennedy home on Squaw Island but were eventually given away to family friends. Pushinka's descendants are still living today. A photo of descendants of some of the Space Dogs is on display at the Zvezda Museum outside Moscow.

Belka and Strelka at Press conference July 1960. K.Tolstikova, photographer

A Russian animated feature film called Belka and Strelka: Star Dogs (English title: Space Dogs) was released in 2010. (Wikipedia)


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